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It was the biggest town of North Bihar for centuries, but after Muzaffarpur was connected to broad-gauge railway in the mid-1970s, the latter overtook Darbhanga due to shift of trade, commerce, business and transport to some extent.During Akbar's reign in the sixteenth century, a second Maithil Brahmin family came to rule as the Khandavala Dynasty.
The main languages spoken in this district are Maithili, Hindi, Urdu, however Hindi is used for official documentation. In Darbhanga, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.But the litigation had the effect of deciding that the estate was impartible and that the inheritance to it was regulated by primo- geniture; and owing to a long minority of over twenty years from x860 onwards, during which the estate was under the Court of Wards, it is now in a very flourishing condition. The estates at present comprise lands situated in the Districts of Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Gaya, Monghyr, Purnea, and Bhagalpur, with a total area of more than 2,410 square miles".Darbhanga town has been the headquarters of the family since 1762, prior to which date they re- sided at Madhubaru. In the thirteenth century Mithila was invaded by Afghans, who deposed the Kshatriya ruler and placed a Maithil Brahman in control of land revenues over much of this region.Historically, it had the seating of Darbhanga Raj and became the capital of the Mithila region.The history of Darbhanga dates back to the Ramayana and Mahabharata periods; it is among the oldest cities of Bihar.In the course of time, Videhas came to be ruled by a line of kings called Janaks.
In this line of kings, there was a very famous king named Mithi.
The Maharaja of Darbhanga, Sir Kameshwar Singh, was also an integral part of the Constituent Assembly of India and was instrumental in campaigning for retention of privy purses and land rights for rulers.
He single handedly negotiated rights of various rulers and nawabs.
Some scholars say that Darbhanga was named after Dar (Dwar) and Bhangaa which means broken gates.
It is assumed that the gates of the Qila (at Qilaghat probably) were broken (by cannons or elephants) in 1326 AD when Tughlak forces attacked the last independent North Indian Hindu king.
Maharaja of Darbhanga also spent much time in today's called kolkata, Bengal. Vidyapati chowk see more As per data released by the government of India for the 2011 census, Darbhanga is an Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Class I UAs/Towns. Sex ratio: 898, Child sex ratio: (0–6 years) 905 and Effective Literacy State rate (7 Pop): total Persons: 80.88, Male: 86.43, Female: 74.68, Compare to 2001 India census, Darbhanga City had a population of 267,348 while the district had a population of 3,295,789.